Global Center for Security Studies
Trump, who has opposed to the Iranian regime since his election campaign, has taken concrete steps by withdrawing from the Iran Nuclear Deal, the ‘Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action’, after the election. According to the latest statements from his national security team, it is understood that Trump will further put pressure on the Iranian regime by expanding the US sanctions with the aim of a possible regime change at the end.
In this context, as Trump’s personal attorney, the participation of the former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani in the activities of the National Council of Iranian Resistance, which is under the control of the People’s Mujahedin Organization, and which was once in the list of terrorist organizations, may be seen from this perspective as an intention of this regime change.
As inferred from the statements of the senior officials, it can be said that once the Iranian regime is changed, Trump and his team want the Iranian Resistance National Council, and hence the People’s Mujahedin Organization, to be more active in the new Iranian regime.
In order to know more about the People’s Mujahideen Organization, we may say the following: The People’s Mujahedin Organization, one of the anti-regime groups of the Iranian diaspora, has a history dating back to the 60s. The People’s Mujahideen, who held armed resistance against the Iranian leader Shah Reza Pehlevi in the 1970s, took part in the 1979 Iran Islamic Revolution. Members of the organization were forced to leave Iran after the 79 Revolution because of their ideology.
The organization has a socialist revolutionary ideology. The founding fathers of the organization have been in the opinion of the establishment of a new system by synthesizing Islamic ideals with socialism.
The organization, which moved to Paris in 1981, aimed at overthrowing the existing religious regime with force if necessary. In the Iran-Iraq war that started in 1980, it took support of Saddam Hussein and fought against Iran. Although the organization was first described as a terrorist group by the US and the UN in 1997, and then by the EU in 2000, the EU and the US removed this organization from the list of terrorist organizations in 2009 and in 2012, respectively.
Donald Trump, who made tough statements against Iran while he was still running for president, is trying to turn his rhetoric into action after being elected president. In this context, it is known that the US officials are in contact with the People’s Mujahideen Organization.
The US and Saudi authorities have participated in the organization’s meetings in recent years. The late Senator McCain’s participation in a meeting of the Organization Albania in April 2017 as well as the Saudi Prince Turki Faisal’s participation in its meeting in Paris are perfect cases in point.
Meryem Rajavi, who gave a speech on behalf of the organization in the US House of Representatives in 2015, stated that Iran could not be part of the solution in the fight against Islamic fundamentalism because it was at the heart of the problem.
The recent nation-wide street protests against the current regime in Iran are supported by the organization.
The Iranian regime defines this Organization as hypocrites and takes steps to break the influence of the Organization both in Iran and abroad. The Organization is accused of killing more than 10,000 people by the Iranian regime. The recent contacts of the US authorities with the People’s Mujahideen Organization seriously disturb the Iranian regime. For this reason, the Iranian authorities claim that the US supports terrorism.
Although the Organization tries to portray itself as the backbone of the Iranian regime’s opposition, due to the armed struggle in its history, a significant part of the opposition of the Iranian regime are approaching the People’s Mujahedeen Organization with antipathy. There are also severe criticisms regarding the fact that the Organization adversely affected the efforts of the Iranian Greens Movement, founded in 2009 and has millions of supporters.
Therefore, there is a real question that what kind of a role the People’s Mujahedeen Organization with no real allies in Iran will be able to play in the coming days with the support of the US administration under the leadership of Trump.